#1 - Black Hawk, Chief, 19th C.


Black Hawk (Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kiak, Black Sparrow Hawk, 1767-1838), a Sauk war chief, led a faction of Sauk and Fox in 1832 to defend their ancestral lands that had been ceded to the U.S. in an 1804 treaty. This action resulted in the Black Hawk War which ended with the Battle of Bad Axe near Prairie du Chien. Black Hawk escaped but surrendered at Ft. Crawford a few weeks later in August 1832.  (Dedicated October 8, 2005)