Looking over Voyageur Shoulder

Still Room for more.

Chief Black Hawk and Dr. Beaumont

Emma Big Bear and Victorian Lady

Aunt Marianne Labuche will be the next bronze sculpture. She was Prairie Du Chien's first Physician. She rescued and nursed her granddaughter, baby Louise Gagnier who had been scalped and left for dead. Photo is small replica.

Shelter

Dedicated in 2013, the Mississippi River Sculpture Park Shelter will provide families and friends to gather, share a meal, and imagine the possibilities.

Who was Marianne Labuche Menard?

Modern day writers are not quite sure how her name is spelled; Mary Anne, Maryann, Mary Ann, or Marianne. Maybe that’s why her patients just called her “Aunt Mary Anne”.  (Photo right – from Mississippi River Sculpture Park)

The majority of the earliest settlers of PdC were illiterate and had to make a mark on documents after their names spelled by others. 

Those others did not necessarily know how the French names should be spelled, either spelled them phonetically or Anglicized them. However, if Mademoiselle LaBuche lived in a French community and had a French father, the likelihood is that, no matter how others wrote it later, the name would have been intended as "Marianne". There is no "Mary" in French. It is always "Marie". Marianne is the symbol of France.  (5)

James Lockwood first popularized the name of the woman as "Aunt Mary Ann". Lockwood's native language was English and he lived at Prairie, but most of the others there spoke French in the first part of the 19th Century. They wouldn't have said "aunt", either, but "tante".  (6)

“Aunt Mary Anne”was also noted as a “person of consequence” according to an 1856 pioneer writer who knew her in the nineteenth century(1).  Mary Ann Labuche was the first non-indigenous medical doctor to practice in Wisconsin (2).  Mary Ann was born before 1774 in “one of the villages below”(2), possibly in a village across the Mississippi River from St. Louis.  It is likely that the village’s name was Cahokia. Prior to 1720’2 slaves were brought to this village.  Given Mary Ann’s surname it seems that her father, Pierre LaBuche(3), was a French creole from Canada and her mother, Marianne, a slave, from whom she gained her knowledge of the healing art(2).

She had thirteen children by three husbands. And, she was the first person that was sent for by the sick and attended to each one regularly as their physician. Even after the U.S. Army provided a physician at Fort Crawford, civilians preferred “Aunt Mary Anne” as their doctor.

She also charged her patients for her services for giving them “device and yarb to drink”. Reports indicate that she was not modest at all about her charges. She took her pay in the produce of the area. 
Mary Ann’s talents and her use of “Yarbs and drinks” were put to the test on June 26, 1827, when her baby granddaughter was scalped during an Indian attack. She covered her grandaughter’s exposed brain with a silver plate hammered out of a silver dollar.  In time, the skin covered the plate. She lived to be eighty years old.(4)

Mary Ann’s status is indicated by allocating a farm lot in 1820 to a French Canadian man in her life, ‘Charles Menard, for Marianne Labuche Menard his wife”.(2)

“Aunt Mary Anne’s” daughter, Adelaide Limery, followed in her mother’s footsteps as a medical practioneer. (1) Adelaide used roots, barks, berries, and seeds for different ailments. A story goes that when a Prairie du Chien logger was stabbed in a fight that punctured his lungs, the town doctors despaired in curing the logger. Adelaide took the logger home, and with her experience of “yarb and drink” cured him, earning $200 for her efforts.

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(1) Great Lakes Creoles: A French-Indian Community on the Northern Borderlands, Lucy Murhpy
(2) French Canadians, Furs, and Indigenous Women in the Making of the Pacific Northwest, Jean Barman
(3) http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=71&p=surnames.gagnier
(4) Odd Wisconsin: Amusing, Perplexing, and Unlikely Stories from Wisconsin’s Past, Erika Janik
(5) Marianne Luban
(6) Early Times and Events in Wisconsin, James Lockwood

The Story of Sculpture: From Clay to Bronze*

The earliest known “lost-wax” castings date from the early dynasties of Egypt, nearly 7,000 years ago, when metal was poured into “investments” of fired clay that had been shaped with the help of wax that was melted, or “lost”. Then, sometime between 4,000 and 3,000 B.C., bronze was discovered, probably by accident, as being a metal that was harder than copper or tin alone. Thus began the era known as the Bronze Age.
Ancient “lost-wax” bronze castings have withstood the centuries, visually telling the tale of past cultures, their religions, and their social structures. For example, Chinese bronzes depicted ceremonial images; Indian and Egyptian castings symbolized deities; Africans cast images of nature; and the Greeks recreated the human form.

Many of these cultures have since grown obsolete, their religions have evolved and societies have changed. Elements of the “lost-wax” process have been refined. Yet today, bronze casting is essentially the same as it was in 2,000 B.C. during the Akkadian period.


Bronze is an alloy of 95% copper, 4% silicon and 1% manganese with traces of other elements such as iron. Silicon bronze has been the bronze of choice for fine art castings since its development in the 1920s. It is corrosion-resistant, strong, resilient, formable and weldable. Also known as "hot-cast" bronze, a fine art "lost-wax" casting of silicon bronze is created through many labor-intensive steps. Read more….

 

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*Source:http://www.gobronze.org/from.html

Picnic Social with Established Friends and New Friends

Everyone is invited to a picnic social at the Mississippi River Sculpture Park. The city owned park is located on the north end of St. Feriole Island in Prairie du Chien, WI., on Saturday, September 13, 2014 in the Leamy Picnic Shelter.

Artist and sculptor, Florence Bird, is joining us. Florence will be conducting a tour of the historical statues already in the park. She will also reveal the story behind each one. Social hour begins at 3:00 PM. The tour will start around 4:30 PM.
A pot luck picnic will follow the tour. Please bring a dish to pass. Electrical outlets are available for casserole dishes.
The Mississippi River Sculptor Park Board will furnish lemonade, plates, napkins, and plastic-ware.

What’s the Difference between Sculpture and Statue?*

Statue and Sculpture are two words that are often confused due to the similarity in their meanings. Strictly speaking there is some difference between the two words. A statue is a large sculpture of a person or an animal. It is usually made of stone or any other metal like bronze. On the other hand, a sculpture is a work of art, and it is produced by carving stone or wood or any other material for that matter. This is the main difference between statue and sculpture. Thus, statue can be said to be a subset of sculpture.

DomnateSculpture is a piece of art executed with creativity. On the other hand, the element of creativity is generally not found in the making of a statue. A statue can only be a replica, whereas a sculpture can be a replica and can be even a creative production. Sculpture is a fine art, whereas statue is not an aspect of fine art. (Click on image for information)

Thus, it can be said that a sculpture is a unique piece of art, but a statue cannot be a unique piece of art. It is either same or similar to the person or an animal modeled by which it is made. This is an important difference between the two words.

It is important to know that both sculpture and statue differ in terms of their size as well. The size of a statue has to be big or life-size. On the other hand, a sculpture has no dimension. It can be of any dimension. It can be modern in conception too, whereas, a statue cannot have a modern conception in its making.

A statue thus, is very much likely to look like a person, whereas a sculpture is a creation based on pure imagination and creativity. For example, the sculpture of a religious figure need not look exactly like the figure for that matter. It can be an imaginative creation as well. Since mythological characters were never seen by people, the sculptors use their imagination to a great extent to create their images. Thus, images can be found in religious buildings. These images portray religious or mythological characters in an imaginative way.

Another important difference between sculpture and statue is that sculpture can be exhibited in group shows or one-man shows of the creative artists. On the other hand, statues cannot be exhibited in group shows or one-man shows. In fact, statues are meant for celebrations and worship.

Sculpture too is meant for worship based upon its religious significance. Primarily they are meant for visual enjoyment. Statues are not meant for visual enjoyment. A sculptor enjoys more liberty and freedom when compared to a statue maker. This shows that sculpture is a piece meant for appreciation. It appeals definitely to the human mind. It is important to note that statues can be sometimes bigger than life-size.

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*Source: http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-statue-and-vs-sculpture/

  Read more: http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-statue-and-vs-sculpture/#ixzz39c67RvkK